希波克拉提斯

Hippocrates

被譽為醫學之夫的希臘醫生。與他同時代的柏拉圖兩次提到他,暗示他是個著名的醫生。亞里斯多德的一個學生米諾說,希波克拉提斯相信疾病是由不消化的食物所分泌的蒸汽造成的。他的哲學是要把人體看成一個整體。很明顯,他走過希臘和小亞西亞的許多地方,行醫并授業。據說《希波克拉提斯文集》屬於一所醫學院的圖書館(可能在他的出生地科斯),後來轉到亞歷山大里亞圖書館,F在還留下大約六十篇手稿,其中不知道那些真正出自他手,最早的是在10世紀發現的。文集的內容涉及解剖、臨床、婦幼疾病、預後、藥物療法、手術以及醫學道德等。希波克拉提斯誓言(實際上非他所寫)也是希波克拉提斯文集的一部分。

前460年~西元前377?年

Hippocrates

Greek physician regarded as the father of medicine. Plato, his contemporary, referred to him twice and implied that he was famous as a physician. Meno, a pupil of Aristotle, stated that Hippocrates believed that disease was caused by the excreted vapors of undigested food. His philosophy was to see the body as a whole. He apparently traveled widely in Greece and Asia Minor, practicing and teaching. The “Hippocratic Collection” supposedly belonged to the library of a medical school (probably at Cos, Hippocrates' birthplace) and then to the library at Alexandria. An unknown proportion of the 60 or so surviving manuscripts—the earliest dating from the 10th century AD—are actually by Hippocrates. The collection deals with anatomy, clinical subjects, diseases of women and children, prognosis, treatment, surgery, and medical ethics. The Hippocratic Oath (not actually written by Hippocrates), also part of the Hippocratic Collection, is divided into two major sections, the first setting out the physician's obligations to his students and his pupils' duties to him, the second pledging him to prescribe only beneficial treatments, refrain from causing harm or hurt, and live an exemplary life.